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Toastmasters Times。演講協會時報
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中華民國演講協會榮獲經理人雜誌最受經理人歡迎三大社團之一。
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講評科技/About Evaluation Technology

I also notice that, in general, the quality of the evaluations in is lagging the quality of the speeches.  Over the last two years we have seen the quality of the Prepared Speeches improved in the district contests. Yet similar improvements in the evaluation are not evident.  In order to help improving this situation, I would like to offer some of my observations for these two types of evaluations.  

 

1. Manual evaluation
A speaker doing a manual speech has very clear instructions on what to do.  The evaluation criteria are also very definite and clear in the manual.  An evaluator should just:
1) Read the manual beforehand and get familiar with the evaluation criteria.
2) Read the script of the speech if it is available.  For myself, I prefer not to read the script because my reactions to the written texts and to the real time delivery are different.  I prefer to have the real time reaction to the speech as the base for my evaluation.
3) Evaluate the speech based on the criteria recommended on the manual.  Each speech on the basic manual has a clear purpose and the criteria for that speech are specially designed for that purpose.

2. Contest evaluation
If you diligently perform evaluation from c1 to c10 then you have all the skills you need to do well in the contest because anything that you will run into with the test speaker is covered in these 10 speeches.  For example,   

 

1) c2 - organize your speech.  You will learn how to comment and make suggestions on the organization of the test speech.
2) c6 and c7 - vocal variety and your body speaks.  You will learn how to comment and make suggestions on the performance part of the test speech.
3) c10 - inspire your audience.  You will learn how to comment and make suggestions on the techniques of how to inspire the audience with the test speech.

These evaluation skills are all spelled out in the manual.  If you are interested in the evaluation contest, evaluate all 10 basic speeches and really understand why the criteria are what they are.  You will become a proficient evaluator.  I guarantee.

Lastly, one words for all the speakers in District 67.  Please listen to your evaluator’s feedback and work to incorporate them into your future speeches.  Completing manual speeches one after another does not make you a proficient speaker.  The changes that we accumulate from one speech to the next are the reasons why some speakers like Mr. Jim Key are better than the others.


Related article:
http://blog.yam.com/DistrictPR/category/1659031

很多人請我在全國大會後舉行個別講評的教育訓練。在我舉辦過幾次之後,我發現要真正做好這種教育訓練,短短20分鐘真的不夠。因為在國際演講協會裡,有兩種個別講評:手冊指定講評及個別講評比賽。這兩個講評是不一樣的,在短時間內很難含括這兩個主題。  

我也發現在台灣,一般來說個別講評的品質,是落後於我們一般演講的品質的。過去兩年來,我們都注意到全國指定演講比賽的水準一直在進步,但個別講評比賽的進步幅度,卻遠不如指定演講比賽進步的多。為了改善這個狀況,我想針對這兩個類型的個別講評提供我的一些觀察。  

 


第一、手冊指定講評 

 

一個要完成手冊指定演講的演講者有著非常清楚的指示。評估這個指定演講的個別講評準則,也在手冊中寫得的相當清楚,一個講評者只要:
(1)
預先閱讀手冊並且熟悉個別講評的準則 
(2) 如果可能,預先看過講者的講稿。但就我自己來說,我傾向不在事前看過講稿,因為我對於書面文字與實際聽到的演講,反應會是不一樣的。我較喜歡以我實際對演講的反應,當成我個別講評的基礎。 
(3) 依手冊所建議的準則去做個別講評。每個層級的演講都有其明確要達成的目的,而演講的評估標準就是根據這些目的所設計。  

 

二、個別講評比賽 
如果你已經勤勉地由C1C10練習過不同層級的個別講評,你就會擁有在比賽中表現良好所需的所有技能,因為所有你會碰到的狀況都已經包含在這10個演講中,舉例來說:  

 

(1)第二講:組織你的演講 你將會學到,如何針對演講的架構給意見。 
(2)第六及第七講:聲音變化性及肢體語言 你將會學到,如何針對演講中的部分給意見。
(3)第十講:鼓舞你的聽眾 你將會學到,如何針對鼓舞聽眾這個部分給意見。  

 

這些講評的技巧都在遍佈在手冊上,如果你對個別講評比賽有興趣,真的去講評第一到第十講這十個不同層級的演講,並真正了解個別講評的準則為何,還有為什麼這些準則要這樣設定。我保證你會成為一個專業的個別講評者。  

 

最後,給所有台灣的演講者一個建議。請聆聽你的個別講評者給你的回饋,吸收消化並內化在往後的演講裡。一個一個完成手冊上的指定演講,並不會讓你成為一位稱職的演講者,但是一次一次的改進,一次一次的累積進步,是為什麼像Jim Key這樣的演講者,比別人更出色的原因。

相關文章:
http://blog.yam.com/DistrictPR/category/1659031

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